Our electoral infrastructure consists of two distinct pieces (or so it seems to me): a broader public context in which elections occur and a narrower system of election management. To date, almost everything we know about Russian electoral interference has dealt with the larger broader context—fake news, Russian troll factories, the hack of the DNC and other efforts to spread disinformation. As
As our lives become increasingly dependent upon computer systems and cyber technologies grow ever more sophisticated, the internet has emerged as the new battleground of the 21st century. From criminals' stealing credit card and social security number information to foreign governments' hacking into American companies’ information systems, cyber attacks can take on myriad forms, prompting the government to formulate new measures to protect online security. Since cyberwarfare knows no territorial bounds, ensuring cybersecurity will also require international cooperation and an updated understanding of jus ad bellum, as it applies to cyber attacks.